Netpbm Program Directory


We have the programs divided into these categories:

Converters

pnmtopnm
convert PNM image to PNM raw or plain
pgmtopgm
convert PGM or PBM image to PGM
ppmtoppm
convert PPM, PGM, or PBM image to PPM
pamtopam
convert PAM image to PAM
pbmtopgm
convert PBM image to PGM by averaging areas
pgmtoppm
colorize a PGM into a PPM
ppmtopgm
convert PPM image to PGM
pamtopnm
convert a PAM image to PBM, PGM, or PPM
pamtogif
convert PAM or PNM to GIF
giftopnm
convert GIF to PNM
pnmtojpeg
convert PNM to JPEG/JFIF/EXIF format
jpegtopnm
convert JFIF/JPEG/EXIF file to Netpbm format
pamtojpeg2k
convert PNM/PAM to JPEG-2000 code stream
jpeg2ktopam
convert JPEG-2000 code stream to PAM/PNM
pamtopng
convert Netpbm format to Portable Network Graphics
pnmtopng
convert Netpbm format to Portable Network Graphics
pngtopam
convert PNG (Portable Network Graphics) to Netpbm formats
pnmtops
convert Netpbm formats to Postscript
pstopnm
convert Postscript to Netpbm formats
pamtotiff
convert Netpbm formats to TIFF RGB file
tifftopnm
convert TIFF file to PNM
pnmtotiffcmyk
convert Netpbm formats to TIFF CMYK file
ppmtobmp
convert PPM to Windows or OS/2 Bitmap file
bmptopnm
convert Windows or OS/2 Bitmap file to PPM or PGM
pbmtog3
convert PBM to Group 3 FAX
g3topbm
convert Group 3 FAX to PBM
pnmtojbig
convert PNM to JBIG BIE (compressed bitmap)
jbigtopnm
convert JBIG BIE (compressed bitmap) to PNM
pnmtoxwd
convert Netpbm formats to X11 window dump
xwdtopnm
convert X10 or X11 window dump to Netpbm formats
pbmtoxbm
convert PBM to X10 or X11 bitmap
xbmtopbm
convert X10 or X11 bitmap to PBM
ppmtoxpm
convert PPM to XPM format
xpmtoppm
convert XPM format to PPM
pbmto10x
convert PBM to Gemini 10x printer graphics
411toppm
convert 411 (Sony Mavica) to PPM
pbmto4425
Display PBM image on AT&T 4425 ASCII terminal with gfx chars
ppmtoacad
convert PPM to AutoCAD database or slide
ppmtoapplevol
convert PPM to Apple volume label image
pbmtoascii
convert PBM to ASCII graphic form
ppmtoascii
convert PPM to ASCII graphics with ANSI terminal color control
asciitopgm
convert ASCII character graphics to PGM
pbmtoatk
convert PBM to Andrew Toolkit raster object
atktopbm
convert Andrew Toolkit raster object to PBM
pamtoavs
convert Netpbm image to Stardent AVS
avstopam
convert Stardent AVS image to PAM
pbmtobbnbg
convert PBM to BBN BitGraph graphics
bioradtopgm
convert Biorad confocal image to PGM
brushtopbm
convert Xerox doodle brushes to PBM
cameratopam
convert raw camera image to PAM
pbmtocis
convert PBM to Compuserve RLE image
cistopbm
convert Compuserve RLE image to PBM
pbmtocmuwm
convert PBM to CMU window manager format
cmuwmtopbm
convert CMU window manager format to PBM
ddbugtopbm
convert Palm DiddleBug image to PBM
pnmtoddif
convert from Netpbm formats to DDIF
pamtodjvurle
convert PNM/PAM to DjVu Color RLE format
pbmtodjvurle
convert PBM to DjVu Bitonal RLE format
pbmtoepsi
convert a PBM image to encapsulated Postscript preview bitmap
pbmtoepson
convert PBM to Epson 9-pin printer graphics
pbmtoescp2
convert PBM to Epson ESC/P2 printer graphics
escp2topbm
convert Epson ESC/P2 printer graphics to PBM
ppmtoeyuv
convert PPM to Encoder/Berkeley YUV format
eyuvtoppm
convert Encoder/Berkeley YUV format to PPM
pnmtofiasco
convert Netpbm image to Fiasco (wfa) highly compressed format
fiascotopnm
convert Fiasco (wfa) highly compressed format to Netpbm image
pamtofits
convert Netpbm formats to FITS format
fitstopnm
convert FITS format to PNM
pgmtofs
convert PGM to Usenix FaceSaver(tm) format
fstopgm
convert Usenix FaceSaver(tm) format to PGM
pbmtogem
convert PBM into GEM .img file
gemtopnm
convert GEM .img format to Netpbm format
pbmtogo
convert PBM to GraphOn graphics
gouldtoppm
convert Gould scanner file to PPM
pamtohdiff
convert PAM image to horizontal difference version of same
hdifftopam
convert horizontal difference PAM back to original image
hipstopgm
convert HIPS format to PGM
hpcdtoppm
convert photo CD to PPM
pamtohtmltbl
convert PNM/PAM to an HTML table with a colored cell for each pixel
pbmtoibm23xx
convert from PBM to IBM 23XX printer stream
ppmtoicr
convert PPM to NCSA ICR graphics
ppmtoilbm
convert PPM to IFF ILBM
ilbmtoppm
convert IFF ILBM to PPM
imgtoppm
convert Img-whatnot to PPM
infotopam
convert Amiga .info icons to PAM
ppmtoleaf
convert PPM to Interleaf
leaftoppm
convert Interleaf to PPM
pgmtolispm
convert PGM into Lisp Machine format
lispmtopgm
convert a Lisp Machine bitmap file into PGM format
pbmtolj
convert PBM to HP LaserJet black and white graphics
ppmtolj
convert PPM to HP LaserJet color graphics (PCL 5)
pbmtoln03
convert PGM image to Dec LN03+ Sixel image
pbmtolps
convert PBM image to Postscript using lines
pbmtomacp
convert PBM to MacPaint
macptopbm
convert MacPaint to PBM
pbmtomatrixorbital
convert a PBM image to a Matrix Orbital LCD image
pbmtomda
convert from PBM to Microdesign (for Amstrad PCWs)
mdatopbm
convert from Microdesign (for Amstrad PCWs) to PBM
pbmtomgr
convert PBM to MGR format
mgrtopbm
convert MGR format to PBM
ppmtomitsu
convert from PPM to Mitsubishi S340-10 printer stream
ppmtompeg
convert series of PPM frames to an MPEG movie
pamtompfont
convert Netpbm image to Mplayer bitmap font
pbmtomrf
convert PBM image to MRF (compressed bitmap)
mrftopbm
convert MRF (compressed bitmap) to PBM
mtvtoppm
convert MTV ray-tracer output to PPM
ppmtoneo
convert PPM image to Atari Neochrome (.neo)
neotoppm
convert Atari Neochrome (.neo) image to PPM
pbmtonokia
convert PBM to Nokia Smart Messaging Format (SMF)
pamtooctaveimg
convert PNM/PAM to Gnu Octave image
pnmtopalm
convert Netpbm formats to Palm pixmap
palmtopnm
convert Palm pixmap to Netpbm formats
pc1toppm
convert Atari Degas .pc1 (compressed pi1) to PPM
pcdovtoppm
convert a photo CD PCD overview file to PPM
pnmtopclxl
convert PNM to HP PCL-XL (PCL 6) printer language
ppmtopcx
convert PPM to PC Paintbrush format
pcxtoppm
convert PC Paintbrush format to PPM
pamtopdbimg
convert Netpbm formats to Palm Pilot Image Viewer format
pdbimgtopam
convert Palm Pilot Image Viewer format to Netpbm formats.
pamtopfm
convert PAM/PNM to HDRshop PFM (Portable Float Map)
pfmtopam
convert HDRshop PFM (Portable Float Map) to PAM
ppmtopi1
convert PPM to Atari Degas .pi1
pi1toppm
convert Atari Degas .pi1 to PPM
pbmtopi3
convert PBM to Atari Degas .pi3
pi3topbm
convert Atari Degas .pi3 to PBM
ppmtopict
convert PPM to Macintosh PICT
picttoppm
convert Macintosh PICT to PPM
ppmtopj
convert PPM to HP PaintJet file
pjtoppm
convert HP PaintJet file to PPM
ppmtopjxl
convert from PPM to HP Paintjet XL PCL printer stream
pbmtopk
convert PBM image to packed format (PK) font
pktopbm
convert packed format (PK) font to PBM image
pbmtoplot
convert PBM into Unix plot file
pbmtoppa
convert PBM to HP PPA (Printer Performance Architecture) printer stream
pbmtopsg3
convert PBM images to Postscript using G3 fax compression.
psidtopgm
convert PostScript "image" data to PGM
pbmtoptx
convert PBM to Printronix graphics
ppmtopuzz
convert PPM to X11 "puzzle" file
qrttoppm
convert QRT ray-tracer output to PPM
pnmtorast
convert Netpbm formats to Sun raster file
rasttopnm
convert Sun raster file to Netpbm formats
rlatopam
convert Alias/Wavefront RLA and RPF to PAM
pnmtorle
convert PNM to Utah Raster Toolkit (urt/rle) file
rletopnm
convert Utah Raster Toolkit (urt/rle) file to PNM
sbigtopgm
convert Santa Barbara Instrument Group CCD file to PGM
pgmtosbig
convert PGM to Santa Barbara Instrument Group CCD file
st4topgm
convert Santa Barbara Instrument Group ST-4 camera CCD file to PGM
pgmtost4
convert PGM to Santa Barbara Instrument Group ST-4 camera CCD file
pnmtosgi
convert from Netpbm formats to SGI format
sgitopnm
convert from SGI format to Netpbm formats
pnmtosir
convert from Netpbm formats to Solitaire Image Recorder file (MGI Type 11 or 17)
sirtopnm
convert from Solitaire Image Recorder file to Netpbm formats.
ppmtosixel
convert PPM to DEC sixel format
sldtoppm
convert an AutoCAD slide file into a PPM
spctoppm
convert Atari compressed Spectrum to PPM
spottopgm
convert SPOT satellite image to PGM
ppmtospu
convert PPM to Atari uncompressed Spectrum
sputoppm
convert Atari uncompressed Spectrum to PPM
pamtosrf
convert Netpbm formats to SRF
srftopam
convert SRF to PAM
pbmtosunicon
convert PBM to Sun icon
sunicontopnm
convert Sun icon to Netpbm
pamtosvg
convert Netpbm image to Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG); trace image
svgtopam
convert an SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics) image to Netpbm format
ppmtoterm
display PPM image on ANSI standard text terminal
pamtotga
convert PAM to TrueVision Targa file
tgatoppm
convert TrueVision Targa file to PPM
thinkjettopbm
convert HP Thinkjet printer stream to PBM
pamtouil
convert PAM to Motif UIL icon file
vidtoppm
convert Parallax XVideo JPEG to sequence of PPM files
pbmtowbmp
convert PBM to WAP (Wireless App Protocol) Wireless Bitmap
wbmptopbm
convert WAP (Wireless App Protocol) Wireless Bitmap to PBM
pamtowinicon
convert PAM to Windows icon file
ppmtowinicon
convert PPM to Windows icon file (obsoleted by pamtowinicon).
winicontopam
convert Windows icon file to PAM
winicontoppm
convert Windows icon file to PPM (obsoleted by winicontoapm).
ximtoppm
convert Xim to PPM
pamtoxvmini
convert from Netpbm formats to Xv "thumbnail" picture
xvminitoppm
convert Xv "thumbnail" picture to PPM
pbmtoybm
convert PBM into Bennet Yee "face" file
ybmtopbm
convert Bennet Yee "face" file into PBM
ppmtoyuv
convert PPM to Abekas YUV format
yuvtoppm
convert Abekas YUV format to PPM
ppmtoyuvsplit
convert PPM to 3 subsampled raw Stanford MPEG YUV files
yuvsplittoppm
merge 3 subsampled raw YUV files to one PPM
yuy2topam
convert YUY2 format to PAM
zeisstopnm
convert a Zeiss confocal file to Netpbm format
pbmtozinc
convert PBM to Zinc Interface Library icon
rawtopgm
convert raw grayscale bytes to PGM
rawtoppm
convert raw RGB bytes to PPM
ppmtoarbtxt
convert PPM to just about any text-based format, using a grammar file
anytopnm
convert any graphics format to Netpbm format

Image Generators

All of these generate Netpbm format output.

pbmmake
create a blank PBM image of a specified size
pgmmake
create a PGM image of a specified size and shade of gray
ppmmake
create a PPM image of a specified size and color
pgmramp
generate a grayscale ramp (gradient)
pamgradient
create a four-corner gradient image
pampaintspill
smoothly spill colors into the background
ppmpat
create a pretty PPM image
ppmrainbow
create a spectrum-like image with colors fading together.
ppmrough
create PPM image of two colors with a ragged border between them
pamcrater
create cratered terrain by fractal forgery
ppmforge
fractal forgeries of clouds, planets, and starry skies
pgmnoise
create a PGM image of white noise
pbmtext
render text into a PBM image
pbmtextps
render text into a PBM image using a Postscript interpreter
pbmupc
create a Universal Product Code PBM image
pamstereogram
create a single image stereogram from a height map
pamsistoaglyph
convert a single-image stereogram to a red/cyan anaglyphic image
ppmwheel
generate a hue-value color wheel
ppmcie
generate a CIE color map PPM image
pbmpage
create a printer test pattern page in PBM format
pamseq
create a PAM image of all possible tuple values. E.g. a color map containing all possible colors of given maxval
pamgauss
create a PAM image of a Gaussian (bell curve; normal curve) function.
ppm3d
generate a blue/green 3D glasses image from two images

Image Editors

All of these work on the Netpbm formats

pamdepth
change the maxval in an image
pamscale
scale/resample an image with high precision
pnmscalefixed
scale an image quickly with low precision
pamstretch
scale up an image by inserting interpolated pixels
pamstretch-gen
scale by non-integer values using pamstretch and pamscale
pamenlarge
enlarge an image N times
pbmpscale
enlarge a PBM image with edge smoothing
pbmreduce
reduce a PBM N times, using Floyd-Steinberg
pamcut
select a rectangular region from an image
pnmcrop
crop all like-colored borders off an image
pnmpad
add borders to an image
pnmmargin
add a margin to an image
pamflip
perform one or more flip operations on an image
pnmrotate
rotate an image
pnmcat
concatenate images
pamcomp
create composite (overlay) of images
pnmcomp
obsolete version of pamcomp (kept because it may have fewer bugs)
pnmpaste
paste a rectangle into an image
pnmstitch
stitch together panoramic (side-by-side) photographs
pamarith
apply simple arithmetic binary function to samples in two images
ppmmix
mix (overlay) two images.
pamfunc
apply simple arithmetic function to samples in an image
ppmbrighten
brighten or dim an image -- change saturation and value
ppmflash
brighten an image
ppmdim
dim an image - different way from ppmbrighten
ppmdist
map colors to high contrast grayscales arbitrarily
pnmhisteq
histogram equalize image to increase contrast
pnmnorm
normalize contrast
pamrecolor
alter colors without affecting luminance
ppmntsc
adjust colors so they are legal for NTSC or PAL television
pnminvert
invert an image (exchange black and white)
pnmgamma
perform gamma correction on an image
ppmdither
ordered dither for color images
pamditherbw
dither a grayscale image to black and white (convert PGM to PBM)
pbmclean
remove lone pixels (snow) from a PBM image
pamthreshold
threshold a grayscale image to black and white (convert PGM to PBM)
pnmnlfilt
filter an image by replacing each pixel with a function of nearby pixels
pnmconvol
general MxN convolution on an image. Can blur an image.
pnmsmooth
smooth an image
pgmmedian
apply a median filter to an image
pammasksharpen
sharpen an image via an unsharp mask
pnmalias
antialias an image
pamedge
edge-detect (outline) an image
ppmrelief
run a Laplacian Relief filter on a PPM
pamshadedrelief
generate shaded relief image from an elevation map
pgmenhance
edge-enhance a PGM image
pgmmorphconv
perform morphological convolutions on a PGM image: dilation and erosion.
pgmbentley
bentleyize a PGM image
pamoil
turn a PNM or PAM image into an oil painting
ppmtv
make an image lined so it looks like an old TV
ppmchange
change all of one color to another in PPM image
pnmquant
quantize colors/shades in a color or grayscale image down to fewer
pnmquantall
quantize colors on many files
pnmremap
replace colors in an image with those from a color map
pamlookup
map an image to a new image by using it as indices into a table
pamunlookup
inverse of pamlookup - generates the index image
ppmshift
shift lines of PPM image left or right a random amount
ppmspread
move pixels of PPM image a random amount
pnmshear
shear an image
pamrubber
rubber sheet deforming, distortion, stretching of an image
pamaddnoise
add noise to an image
pamwipeout
replace detail with smooth gradient from one edge to the other
pamperspective
change perspective distortion in an image
pgmabel
create cross-section of an image using Abel integration for deconvolution
pnmmercator
turn a rectangular projection map into a Mercator projection
ppmglobe
turn a cylindrical projection into strips that can be glued onto a sphere
pnmtile
replicate an image into a specified size
pamdice
slice an image into many horizontally and/or vertically
pamundice
assemble an image from tiles (opposite of pamdice)
ppmtorgb3
separate a PPM into three PGMs
rgb3toppm
combine three PGMs into one PPM
pammixinterlace
mix adjacent lines to merge interlaced images
pamdeinterlace
remove every other row from an image
ppmshadow
add a shadow to an image so it looks like it's floating
pgmdeshadow
deshadow a PGM image
ppmdraw
draw text, lines, shapes, etc. on an image
ppmlabel
add text to an image
pamsummcol
summarize (sum, average, etc) an image by column
ppmfade
produce series of images fading from one to another

Image Analyzers

These all work on the Netpbm formats as input.

pamfile
describe an image's vital characteristics
pnmpsnr
measure difference between two images
pamslice
print a row or column of an image in ASCII decimal
pgmtexture
calculate textural features on a PGM image
pgmhist
print a histogram of the values in a PGM image
ppmhist
print a histogram of a PPM
pnmhistmap
draw a histogram of a PGM or PPM
pnmcolormap
choose the N best colors to represent an image; create a colormap
pamsumm
summarize (sum, average, etc.) all samples in an image
pamsharpness
measure the sharpness of an image
pamsharpmap
create map of sharpness in an image
pamtilt
measure the tilt of an image, i.e. document skew
pgmminkowski
compute Minkowski integral over a PGM image
pbmminkowski
compute Minkowski integral over a PBM image
pammosaicknit
validate a mosaic knitting pattern

Miscellaneous

pamchannel
extract individual planes (channel, e.g. R, G, or B) from an image
pamstack
stack the planes of multiple PAM images into a single output image
pampick
pick images out of a multi-image Netpbm image stream
pamsplit
split a multi-image Netpbm file into multiple 1-image files
pamexec
run a shell command on each image of a multi-image stream
pamendian
swap bytes in multi-byte samples of a PAM image
pamfix
salvage a Netpbm image whose file is truncated or has invalid sample values
pamvalidate
copy Netpbm image stream, if and only if entire stream is valid Netpbm.
pbmmask
create a mask bitmap from a regular bitmap
ppmcolormask
create mask of areas of a certain color in an image
pambackground
create mask of the background of an image
pambayer
interpret Bayer patterns
pnmmontage
build multiple Netpbm images into a single montage image
pbmlife
apply Conway's rules of Life to a PBM image
pampop9
simulate a multi-lens camera such as the Pop9
ppmdmkfont
create Ppmdfont "standard"
ppmddumpfont
dump a Ppmdfont file
ppmdcfont
turn a Ppmdfont file into C source for a builtin font
pnmindex
build a visual index of a bunch of Netpbm images
pgmkernel
generate a convolution kernel
ppmsvgalib
display a PPM image on a Linux virtual console using Svgalib
pamx
display a Netpbm image in an X Window System window

Obsolete Names

There used to be programs by the following names. Each has been either renamed to a more illustrative name, or superseded by a more general function. In most cases, Netpbm is installed with symbolic links that allow old programs and procedures to use these names but run the replacement programs: